The history of human evolution is as fascinating as it is complex. Here, a large semicircle wall welcomes its protagonists, like in a theatre: our ancestors and our – more or less – distant relatives; and, of course, us, Homo sapiens, the last surviving branch of this intricate tree. The various species are represented by casts of fossil finds and scientific reconstructions of the faces of these hominins, obtained through accurate anatomical and anthropometric analyses conducted by the University of Padua. The finds are located chronologically within the gallery, highlighting how human history is characterised by the coexistence of different human species: Homo sapiens’ “solitude” is a very recent phenomenon.

A touch screen also allows visitors to explore specific issues relating to certain hominins.